EAGLE VILLAGE FIRE DEPARTMENT
How fires Start
Fire Safety Check List
How to use a Fire Extinguisher
Hey kids... Check out
"Sparky the fire dog's website!"
Click here to put out the fire fun!
Also check out RISK WATCH for Kids!
HOW FIRES START
CALL FOR HELP.
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IF YOUR HOME CAUGHT FIRE,
WOULD YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO?
Oxygen is always present in the home. If, however, you can separate heat sources from combustibles, you will have taken the first step toward fire prevention.
Anything that produces heat, for example...
Anything that will burn, for example...
IF A FIRE SHOULD OCCUR IN YOUR HOME...
1. GET OUT OF THE HOUSE.
Familiarize yourself with at least two exits from each room; for example, one window and one door. Know where the exits are; practice using them.
2. HAVE A MEETING PLACE LOCATED OUTSIDE THE HOUSE
A fire is no time to be worrying about who made it out and who did not. By establishing a central meeting place outside the house, you can count heads and not have to wonder who might still be inside.
3. PHONE THE FIRE DEPARTMENT
FROM A NEIGHBOR'S HOUSE
4. NEVER GO BACK INSIDE FOR ANY REASON!
Once you are outside, do not go back inside. The fire department will be there in a matter of minutes. Stay at the meeting place and wait for the fire department.
IN A FIRE, SECONDS COUNT!
For early detection of fires, install smoke detectors near your sleeping areas. If you have a multi-story house, install smoke detectors at each level in the home.
Design a home fire escape plan; practice using it.
Establishing EXIT DRILLS IN THE HOME (E.D.I.T.H.) will insure that everyone in the home will be familiar with the proper procedures should a fire occur.
If you have sleeping areas located on the second floor, provide an escape ladder or rope. Check these carefully to make certain they are safe.
Check windows that would be used in an escape to see that they open easily.
Should you be caught in smoke, CRAWL! Smoke rises, so stay close to the floor where the air will be less toxic.
Clothing, should it ignite, will burn rapidly. If your clothes ignite, DO NOT RUN...STOP, DROP, AND ROLL!
REMEMBER, THE BEST STEP TO TAKE IS TO PREVENT FIRES FROM OCCURRING
Knowing what to do should fire occur is very important. More important still is the prevention of a fire. Take the time to inspect your home for possible safety hazards, bare wires, and improperly operating heating equipment.
Fire prevention is something the entire family may participate in. Encourage children to assist with checking the home for hazards.
By taking the time to carefully inspect your home for possible hazards, you may prevent a major catastrophe later on.
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|HOME FIRE SAFETY CHECKLIST|
|Have you planned at least two ways to get out of every room in your home?|
|Do you keep exit routes clear in your home?|
|Do you know how to notify your fire department quickly and correctly in case of fire?|
|ESPECIALLY FOR CHILDREN||YES||NO|
|Do you make it a rule never to leave small children alone or unattended?|
|Do your baby-sitters (and you) know the first rule of safety in fire emergencies? Get everybody out fast, and don't go back in.|
|Do you show your baby-sitters the escape routes from your home, and give instructions on the correct way to report a fire?|
|GOOD SMOKING HABITS||YES||NO|
|Is smoking in bed strictly against the rule in your home?|
|Do you always make sure that cigarette, cigar and pipe ashes are completely extinguished before you dispose of them? Before going to bed, be SURE there are no cigarettes still burning.|
|Are matches kept out of the reach of children? Keep matches and lighters above the "strike zone" (too high for children to reach).|
|HEATING AND COOKING||YES||NO|
|Are furnaces, stoves and smokepipes kept in good repair and located far enough away from combustible walls and ceilings so that they do not create a hazard? Use a fireplace screen to prevent sparks from flying.|
|If you have portable space heaters in your home do you see that they are properly maintained and located? Keep portable space heaters away from people, curtains, and furniture.|
|Do you have an annual inspection of your heating system? Have heating equipment checked and cleaned each year.|
|Do your sleeves get into things when you cook? Wear tight-fitting clothing when you cook.|
|Can you stop a cooking fire safely? Smother a pan fire with a lid. Never use water. If cooking oil starts to smoke, turn down the heat. Don't throw whatever's handy on the counter, such as dumping flower from the bag, on the fire (explosion!)|
|Do you see that extension cords are never run under rugs or hooked over nails? Avoid using extension cords wherever possible (especially small-wired cords use with high-wattage appliances.)|
|When the breaker "trips" or a fuse blows, do you investigate WHY it happened? If a fuse blows (or a breaker "trips"), find the cause. Remove excess appliances (lamps, stereo components, space heaters, etc.) from a breaker circuit that frequently "trips".|
|Is the right size fuse (20 amps for lighting circuits) in each socket in the fuse box? Replace the fuse with one of the correct size.|
|Is your TV well ventillated? Allow air space around the TV to prevent overheating. If it doesn't work right, it can be a fire danger.|
|Do you keep rubbish cleaned out of the attic, basement, closets, garage and yard? Sort and remove rubbish. Don't store things near the furnace or heater.|
|Are gasoline and other flammable liquids stored in safety cans, and kept well away from both heat and children? Move flammable liquids away from heat. Do not store flammable liquids in the home. Keep them stored outside and away from the house in a separate storage building. Don't fill a hot lawn mower or other motor; let it cool first.|
HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER
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|Remember the acronym, "P.A.S.S."
|A||......Aim the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the flames.|
|S||......Squeeze trigger while holding the extinguisher upright.|
the extinguisher from side to side, covering the
area of the fire with the extinguishing agent.